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DOI:
矿冶:2020,(4):-
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电锌工艺中铜渣除氯应用实践
刘佐良
(青海湘和有色金属有限责任公司)
Application practice of copper slag chlorine removal in
liuzuoliang
(Qinghai xianghe nonferrous metals co. LTD)
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投稿时间:2019-12-11    修订日期:2020-02-12
中文摘要: 采用锌粉与久置的铜镉渣为原料,利用铜渣除氯原理去除电锌工艺系统中的氯,研究工艺参数对氯脱除率的影响。结果表明:采用硫酸铜溶液和锌粉置换生成的新制活性铜粉进行电锌工艺中铜渣除氯,氯的脱除率达 77%~81%,温度影响不大。采用久置铜镉渣洗液提供铜离子,锌粉置换铜离子生成活性铜粉进行铜渣除氯时,氯的脱除率随 n(Cu)T/n(Cl-)比例的增大而升高。当 n(Cu)T/n(Cl-) 从 4:1 增加到 12:1 时,氯的脱除率从 72.66% 提高至 87.98%。对于久置的铜镉渣制备的铜渣,其中的铜已失去和铜离子、氯离子反应生成氯化亚铜的活性,因此通过调节温度、PH、n(Cu)T/n(Cl-)比例等均不能有效地脱除溶液中的氯离子。
中文关键词: 氯化亚铜  除氯  电锌工艺  铜渣
Abstract:Using zinc powder and old copper and cadmium residue as raw materials, using the principle of removing chlorine from copper slag to remove chlorine in the process system of electric zinc, and the effect of process parameters on chlorine removal rate was studied.The results show: The copper slag was dechlorinated in the electric zinc process by using copper sulfate solution and zinc powder replacement, and the removal rate of chlorine was 77% ~ 81%, but the temperature doesn't matter much. Copper ions are provided by the long-established cu-cd residue lotion, when zinc powder displaces copper ions to produce active copper powder for chlorine removal of copper slag, the removal rate of chlorine increases with the increase of n(Cu)T/n(Cl-) ratio. When n(Cu)T/n(Cl-) increases from 4:1 to 12:1,The removal rate of chlorine increased from 72.66% to 87.98%.The copper has lost its activity of reacting with copper ions and chloride ions to form cuprous chloride.Therefore, by adjusting temperature, PH, n(Cu)T/n(Cl-) ratio, etc., the chlorine ions in the solution cannot be effectively removed.
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刘佐良.电锌工艺中铜渣除氯应用实践[J].矿冶,2020,(4):.

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